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Grow Your Own Medicine: How to Cultivate Cannabis Indoors

With an increasing number of states legalizing marijuana — either on a recreational or medicinal level — getting access to cannabis is becoming easier.

Depending on where you live, a quick trip to the local dispensary is often all it takes to get your hands on legal marijuana, whether to alleviate whatever ailments you may be suffering from or to simply get high.

But while you can always get your cannabis from a reputable dispensary (in states that have legalized it), have you ever considered growing it at home? Much like you would grow a vegetable or herb garden in your own backyard, you can also benefit from the convenience of growing your own cannabis plants. In fact, many in the cannabis business prefer this method.

If you use marijuana for medical purposes, growing your own cannabis comes with a slew of benefits. For starters, you always have access to it right in your own home without worry of running out. Rather than having to go out to get more when your stash runs low, you’ll be able to tap into your own home-grown source. 

Further, you’ll have the peace of mind knowing what’s in the final product. 

Sometimes it can be tough to determine if there are any residues or toxins mixed in with chemically-extracted cannabis products. By growing and producing their own marijuana plants, cannabis growers know exactly what’s in it. 

But it’s important to be aware of the exact laws in your state when it comes to growing marijuana. Every state has different regulations in terms of how many plants you can grow, who can grow them, and whether or not marijuana plants are allowed to be grown in residential settings at all. 

Luckily, many states allow the growth of legal cannabis plants, but as already stated, be sure to check your local laws to see what applies to you.

For example, Californians over the age of 21 are allowed to grow as many as six plants, and those who are part of the medical marijuana program can grow as many plants as required to meet their medical needs.

In Colorado, those using cannabis for medical reasons can grow up to six plants at home (three of them mature). In Oregon, recreational users can grow up to four plants at home. Registered medical users can grow up to six plants plus eight additional seedlings.

So, how do you go about developing your own marijuana crop? This guide will show you how to grow cannabis at home. 

Step-by-Step Process of Growing Your Own Cannabis

Many prefer growing their plants indoors or in a greenhouse to avoid pests and other elements involved in growing outdoors. Follow these steps to promote successful marijuana growth in an indoor grow space. 

1. Gather the right tools

Growing a cannabis garden at home isn’t just as simple as planting a seed in a pot and watering it. There are a few pieces of equipment that indoor growers need to ensure that their marijuana plants are healthy: 

Containers – You’ll need to put the seeds and plants in something, and pots or planter beds are typically the standard items to use. 

Soil – Unless you plan on using hydroponic systems where you grow your pants in a man-made medium, you’ll need organic soil.

Clean water – Make sure the water you feed your plants is clean, filtered, and free of contaminants.

Grow lights – If you’re growing your crops inside the house, you’ll need a source of light to replace the natural light of the sun, and LED grow lights can step in and fill this void. 

Room liner – Lining the space that you grow your cannabis plants will serve a few purposes, including keeping bugs and mold out, maximizing your grow light’s output and making sure that no exterior light can penetrate into the room.

Extraction fan – To keep the temperature in the grow space low enough and give the plants lots of fresh CO2, you’ll need an extraction fan. Otherwise, you’ll need to rely on air conditioning and a CO2 generator, which are more expensive.

Carbon filter – To minimize the marijuana smell — especially during the flowering phase — carbon filters are a must.

Ducting – Ducting is an essential component to ensure proper ventilation of your garden.

Circulating fan – Having a fan that circulates the air will help keep the plants happy.

2. Collect the exact strain(s) you want

To make the most of your cannabis growing efforts at home, consider high-yielding strains that will flower quickly (anywhere above 500g/m2) and develop crops in abundance. Some of the high-yield cannabis strains to consider include:

· Super Bud

· Royal Moby

· Acid Dough

· Pink Gorilla

· Bubble Kush

You may also want to consider picking strains that are easier to grow and aren’t as picky and finicky. A lot of work goes into ensuring healthy crops, which can be quite time consuming. Further, there’s also a learning curve involved in understanding all the factors that go into growing cannabis, such as flowering time, flavors, and yields per square meter.

You can minimize the effort required to grow healthy plants by choosing easier-to-grow strains, such as the following:

· Easy Bud

· Northern Light

· Critical

· Dutch Treat

· Royal AK

· Blue Dream

Consider also whether you want to grow sativa, indica, or hybrid strains. The exact strain you choose will depend on the type of effect you’re going for when you finally use the plants you grow. 

For instance, indica strains provide more of a physically sedating effect, which is ideal for those who are seeking a more relaxing experience when using cannabis. These are ideal for alleviating anxiety or promoting more restful sleep. 

Sativa strains, on the other hand, induce a more energizing effect that may be more useful for providing mental focus and energy needed to perform a physical task.

Hybrids are simply a cross between the two. Keep in mind that some strains might be indica-dominant, which means it may have a more sedating effect, while a sativa-dominant strain may produce a more energizing effect.

At the end of the day, choose the strain that will provide you with the exact effect you’re going for, as well as what will make the growing process easier. The varieties of strains might seem overwhelming, but research will help make the decision easier. 

3. Start the growing process

Now that you know what you’re going to grow and you’ve gathered your arsenal of equipment and tools, it’s time to get started. Follow these steps to start and continue planting and growing your own cannabis. 

Get set up

The way that you set up your growing space will heavily influence the type of yields you produce. Choose a room in your home that will provide you with enough space to accommodate your yields and has access to things such as electrical outlets and proper ventilation. 

Once you’ve chosen the room, set up your tent, fans, lighting, and ducting to get the area ready for your pots and planter beds. Lay out the beds, growing medium, and seeds in the right quantities and arrangements, then start planting.

Germinate the seeds

Germination involves getting the seeds to sprout. That first tendril that emerges from the seed is referred to as the taproot and serves as the basis for all other roots that the cannabis plant makes throughout its lifespan. 

In order to ensure adequate germination, your marijuana seeds will require the following:

· Adequate moisture levels

· No interruptions

· Warmth

· Planted deep in the soil

· Planted with the white root pointing downwards

When they’re in the vegetative stage…

Once the marijuana plants have reached the vegetative phase, you can then start focusing your efforts on ensuring that the plants grow big and strong. To do that, make sure to:

Water them appropriately. If you’re growing your plants in soil, water them whenever the top of the soil starts to feel dry. Make sure not to overwater, as a wet-dry cycle is required for plant roots to grow.

Give them the appropriate amount of light. In the vegetative stage, marijuana plants need as much as 18 to 24 hours of light a day when grown indoors. 

When they’re in the flowering stage…

Once your plants have entered the flowering phase, be sure not to transfer them, or you could risk their health. Instead, make sure your plants are in the last container they need to be in no more than 2 weeks before they start to bud. 

At this point, consider changing to a 12-on 12-off light schedule. This will help speed up the flowering phase and obtain results much faster. 

Identify the gender of your cannabis plants and get rid of any males when you spot them. It’s important to identify and eliminate male plants before they’re able to produce their pollen because they don’t have any amount of CBD or THC of worth. 

To identify male versus female plants in your crop, look out for any signs of little sacks of pollen developing at the nodes where the branches meet the stem. This happens at the pre-flowering phase when the plant begins to put its energy into reproduction. The nodes of female cannabis plants will start to produce immature sepals with pistils.

Pay close attention to the plants during the flowering stage, as they are vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies at this point. 

4. Harvest the crop

The rule of thumb to consider it marijuana harvest time is when the cannabis buds have a bold scent, are full, and stop growing new, white hairs. About half of the white hairs have darkened at this point, which is a good time to start harvesting. 

For the highest THC potency, harvest when over half to three-quarters of the white hairs have darkened. And to achieve more CBD conversion from THC (for a more relaxing effect), harvest when almost all of the hairs have darkened. 

5. Dry and cure the buds 

Once all the buds have been plucked, hang them upside down in a cool, dark room to dry out. For optimal results, be sure to allow the buds to dry slowly. Also, check on the buds often to identify any overly dry spots or mold. 

Final Thoughts

Growing your own cannabis can give you the freedom to create a bud that serves your exact needs. It’s also a fulfilling, rewarding, and enjoyable pastime that you can adopt. 

Unlike with outdoor growing, growing cannabis indoors is more controlled, but requires a strong green thumb and a lot of attention. With a little know-how and the right tools, you can grow your own high-quality stash of medical cannabis that you can tap into whenever the need to alleviate uncomfortable or even painful ailments arises. 

This article originally appeared on myfoli.com

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Beyond Consumption: The Future of Cannabis

The use of marijuana goes way back and actually has a long history dating back centuries.

While ancient civilizations didn’t exactly use marijuana to get stoned, they did use it for its medicinal effects and treatment of ailments. 

In fact, the use of cannabis dates as far back as 500 BC in Asia and back to the colonial days in America when hemp was grown for use as textiles. 

Yes, marijuana’s healing properties have long been acknowledged, but only recently have they been brought to the mainstream and clinically tested for medical efficacy and safety. 

The stigma surrounding marijuana and other cannabis products only started in the 20th century, stemming from political and racial factors. As a result, marijuana became an illegal substance and has remained so for decades.

But as we know, the laws regarding the production, distribution, possession, and use of medical and recreational marijuana have been changing. We’re on the cusp of a revolution in the realm of marijuana, and thanks to all the incredible ways that the marijuana plant and its cannabinoids can benefit the mind and body, it’s become more widely accepted — even by the law.

Today, the cannabis industry is exploding, and it’s not showing any signs of stopping. In fact, it’s estimated that the global cannabis market could be worth as much as $130 billion in as little as 10 years.

And while there will always be the typical ways to consume cannabis – including smoking, inhaling a vape pen, eating, or applying it under the tongue as an oil or on the skin as a topical – innovators and cannabis companies are always looking for new and different ways for users to consume it and take advantage of its benefits.

Not only that, but hemp is being used in revolutionary ways outside of just the health and wellness sphere. In fact, many in the cannabis industry are using marijuana to create cutting-edge intellectual property that promises to create a better, healthier world.

Here are just a few futuristic uses for marijuana that users may be able to benefit from in the near future.

Potential Futuristic Cannabis Uses:

Medicine for our furry friends

Lots of people use cannabis oil to relieve anxiety and pain, and even improve their sleep. But humans aren’t the only ones who can stand to benefit from cannabis.

Loving owners have been administering CBD oil to their cats and dogs to alleviate ailments such as pain and anxiety. CBD’s reach can even go so far as having cardiac, anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, and even anti-cancer benefits for animals, though conclusive results in clinical studies are still needed to solidify these findings. 

That said, there’s plenty of anecdotal evidence to support the notion that CBD can be incredibly helpful for animals that may be suffering from various ailments. 

To administer to pets, CBD manufacturers have come up with convenient CBD pet treats that animals are more than happy to gnaw on. The CBD is disguised quite well in treats that taste great to animals, making it a lot easier for pet owners to deliver the desired amount of CBD oil to treat whatever issue is ailing their beloved pet. 

Improving our health

There are all sorts of supplements available in the wellness sphere to help consumers maintain optimal health, and hemp seeds might have a place in this world. In fact, pure hemp seeds come packed with an amazing nutritional profile, making them an ideal component to improve and sustain a healthy diet.

Two tablespoons of pure hemp seeds contain the following nutritional makeup:

· 2g fiber

· 5g protein

· 300 mg potassium

· 15% vitamin A requirement

· 25% iron requirement 

Hemp seeds also have the ideal ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that help promote a healthy heart and immune system.  

It’s pretty easy to consume hemp seeds, too. Simply sprinkle them in salads, cereals, dips, or smoothies to add a nutritional punch to whatever you’re eating or drinking.

A more sustainable type of plastic

Plastics that comes from natural, biological sources as opposed to petroleum are referred to as bioplastics. For example, they can be derived from things such as vegetable oils, straw, woodchips, food scraps, and so forth. And cannabis may be playing an emerging role in bioplastics.

The benefits of bioplastics are pretty obvious: namely, they leave a much less significant carbon footprint on the planet. Further, they can help to minimize our dependency on fossil fuel sources as they become increasingly expensive over time. 

So, how is the cannabis plant involved in bioplastics? Thanks to hemp becoming more and more popular to be used as a raw material as a result of the deregulation of hemp in the US, hemp-based bioplastics are on the horizon.

With almost 80% of plastics that don’t reach the landfills polluting and overwhelming our oceans and natural environment, the emergence of bioplastics is welcomed. But by reusing leftover hemp waste from the nutrition industry instead of using it as cattle feed, it can be recycled into a usable, sustainable packaging. 

Wholesale “green packaging” supplier Best Practices Packaging has applied for patent protection and partnered with big producers of nutritional hemp products in North America to create and commercialize hemp packaging and plastics. 

Hemp-based construction materials

Along the same lines as plastic alternatives, hemp-based construction materials are also becoming a reality in the world of building. Rather than depending on synthetic materials to create products for the industry, hemp-based materials are more sustainable, better for the environment, more affordable, and even better for our health.

The inner core, outer fibrous skin, and seed oil from hemp can create concrete alternatives, insulation, and wood finishes and deck stains that contain far less toxicity than traditional materials. Many companies have natural cannabis patent products in the works that promise to make the industry a more eco-friendly one.

Replacing fossil fuels

Hemp can actually be used to create two types of fuel: hemp biodiesel (made from hemp seed oil), and hemp ethanol/methanol (made from the fermented stalk). 

Considering how much damage fuel can do to the planet when spilled and how much more expensive fossil fuels are getting these days, coming up with more sustainable alternatives to fuel has never been more important. And hemp may just be a reliable, viable, and cost-effective source to use to create better fuel. 

Hemp biodiesel is made by pressing the hemp seeds to extract the oil. It can extend the life of diesel engines because of it’s more lubricating compared to petroleum diesel fuel, and can be made from domestically produced and sourced renewable hemp seed oil. And when it’s burned, it releases far less harmful toxins into the environment. 

Along the same lines are hemp batteries. They work based on carbonized hemp, graphite electrodes, and CBD isolates for conduction. The fibers from hemp are able to store just as much energy as graphene.

In fact, hemp batteries may even work better than traditional lithium batteries, creating the potential to completely revolutionize the global battery industry. 

Final Thoughts

Between cutting back on the carbon footprint on the earth, creating a healthier environment for everyone inhabiting the earth, and offering a more sustainable form of “clean” energy, hemp really may have so much more to offer than its healing properties. Based on continued research into hemp’s applications, the innovative possibilities seem both incredible and promising.

This article originally appeared on myfoli.com

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How CBD Can Help Athlete’s Joint Pain

More and more athletes – including those on the professional front – are choosing CBD on a regular basis over conventional medications to successfully treat their chronic pain.

The amount of physical stress that performance athletes place on their bodies is immense. Serious runners, triathletes, swimmers, or those who play team sports at a high level train hard, and while their physique and performance may reflect such dedicated training, they’re typically more vulnerable to suffering injury as a result. Even those of us who are happy just going to the gym a couple of times a week aren’t immune to injuries.

Considering how much pressure and strain that is put on the muscles and joints, it’s no wonder that athletes commonly endure chronic pain, whether due to acute or chronic injury.

Not only can such severe pain interfere with their performance, but it can cause debilitating discomfort in their everyday lives. In an effort to obtain pain relief, athletes typically turn to pharmaceutical medications in the form of NSAIDs (non-steroid, anti-inflammatory drugs) and opioids like oxycodone.

Unfortunately, such medications are fraught with potential side effects, as well as the potential for dependence – something once used for treatment could turn into an unhealthy addiction.

Thankfully, there are safer and more natural products that can be used that may offer similar pain-alleviating effects of traditional painkillers and prescription drugs to treat issues like arthritis in the joints, including medical marijuana products like CBD.

In fact, more and more athletes – including those on the professional front – are choosing to use CBD on a regular basis over conventional medications to successfully treat their chronic pain.

Is CBD right for you to treat your joint pain? Read on to find out more about the cannabis plant and its place in the world of medicine.

What is CBD?

The cannabinoids in the marijuana plant have a number of healing properties that can rival the effects of traditional medications for arthritis and other joint issues, and reducing chronic pain is one of them.

One cannabinoid in particular – CBD – is especially interesting because it alleviates certain ailments without the mind-altering effects that cannabis has been known for.

CBD – or cannabidiol – is a naturally-occurring, non-psychoactive cannabinoid in the marijuana plant. While marijuana may have been used for thousands of years for its pain-relieving properties and to reduce inflammation, only recently has its place in the world of medicine been strengthened, thanks to continued scientific studies.

While closely related to another abundant cannabinoid in the plant – THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) – CBD does not cause users to feel “high” as a result of taking it. That’s because both CBD and THC act slightly differently with various receptors in the brain and body. Depending on the cannabis strains you choose, you can either find an equal THC/CBD balance, or find products with higher CBD or THC levels.

Because CBD can alleviate ailments like arthritis without inducing any mind-altering effects, it has become an attractive option for many who seek its effects, including athletes suffering from joint pain.

How Does CBD Impact the Perception of Pain?

CBD-heavy strains have been scientifically shown to relieve joint pain as a result of injury or arthritis. While it can be consumed in many ways to help users achieved the desired effects, those suffering from targeted often use topical CBD ointments and creams to apply to the areas affected.

Studies have shown that topical CBD application can significantly alleviate chronic pain. For instance, a 2016 study found that transdermal CBD gel application significantly reduced swelling of the joints from arthritis among study participants without any noticeable side effects.

What About THC?

THC has also been shown to have positive effects on pain relief, but it comes with mind-altering effects. There could be any number of reasons for pain to ensue, and different marijuana products might be better suited for certain types of pain than others.

Both CBD and THC work by influencing CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system in the body. This system is tasked with regulating balance in the body. And when the body is not in proper balance, any number of issues can develop, including pain.

CBD and THC both have anti-inflammatory properties, but how they interact with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system differ slightly.

Inflammatory pain that occurs as a result of tissue damage is typically contained to certain areas of the body. These damaged tissues – which can be caused by injury, arthritis, or other causes – trigger inflammatory and immune cells to spring into action and repair the damage. This type of pain can be effectively treated with CBD topicals.


High THC levels, on the other hand, may be better suited for central and neuropathic pain. Many people experience neuropathic pain, which becomes even more common with age. And while pharmaceutical medication may help, THC can be a viable alternative.

THC can alter the perception of pain by alleviating anxiety and stress, in addition to combating inflammation. THC binds to CB1 receptors and therefore affects their function. These receptors are mainly located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, and any effect on them can influence central and neuropathic pain. For athletes whose coaches advise them to “play through the pain”, THC’s relaxing effects may help them do just that.

Both blocking the inflammatory process or weakening the effects of pain signals as they travel to the brain can help numb the sensation of pain. Medical marijuana can be an effective natural remedy to target these processes to achieve pain relief.

Depending on the exact symptoms being experienced, athletes can choose which option – either THC or CBD – is best suited for them.

Additional Benefits of CBD

CBD certainly has its place in treating pain associated with injury or chronic issues resulting from the extreme physical strain that athletes tend to be placed under. Rather than using NSAIDs and opioids – each of which can cause other health issues and even addiction – athletes can include CBD into their daily regimen to alleviate their pain.

In addition to the ability for CBD to relieve pain, it also comes with a slew of other benefits that both athletes and the general public can take advantage of, including the following:

· Improves quality of sleep

· Alleviates nausea

· Stimulates appetite

· Regulates muscle spasms

· Protects against brain injury

How to Take CBD

While it may be assumed that cannabis products must be smoked, there are actually a number of different modes of consumption, particularly when it comes to CBD. Here are some other ways for athletes to use CBD to deal with their pain:

· Capsules

· Tablets

· Tinctures

· Vapes

· Edibles

· Beverages

· Topical creams

Depending on the exact symptoms that athletes are experiencing or their comfort level, there are various CBD products available to suit their needs.

Final Thoughts

Athletes have an arsenal of products that they use to achieve optimal performance and alleviate any pain associated with injuries or physical issues stemming from their sport. But perhaps adding CBD to the mix can provide them with a natural, effective means of dealing with inflammation and pain without having to resort to the use of NSAIDs, opioids and other pain relievers to do the job.

And with science backing the notion that CBD is highly effective at reducing aches and pains – and many athletes already touting its effects – those who are new to the world of medical marijuana may be more open to adopting CBD as part of their daily health and wellness regimen. The effects of cannabis extend far beyond the recreational usage many think of when they hear the word “marijuana.”

This article originally appeared on myfoli.com

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CBD vs Heart Disease

cbd vs heart disease

Heart Disease; the reality is it can happen to anybody at any time, and for a multitude of reasons. Heart diseases can involve blocked, corroded, and/or narrowed blood vessels, and sometimes it occurs in the heart muscle itself, while other times it “settles” in the valves.

Picture credit: gbi research

Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is a marijuana- or hemp-based solution that offers the users medicinal value without the related high.  It is also well-documented to interact positively with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of the human body by binding with two primary receptors affecting the heart – CB1 and CB2.  Vaping CBD stimulates these receptors to become more active than they usually would be otherwise.  

Study find that CBD is such type of natural chemical compound which can be used for prevention of heart disease.

 CBD and Cardiovascular Disease

CBD was also found to act as an agonist (a compound that boosts the effects of a different compound in the body) for a compound called PPARγ, which helps clear blockages in the arteries and reduces blood pressure.  This means that CBD acts on the cardiovascular system in (at least) two ways: it relaxes the blood vessels themselves, and it helps boost the activity of compounds that reduce blood pressure and gradually clear blockages. The anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects of CBD can also benefit cardiovascular health by decreasing cardiac response to stress, reducing the likelihood of a sudden cardiac event, like a heart attack. CBD can help regulate an irregular heartbeat further reducing your risk of heart attack—especially if you’ve been diagnosed with an arrhythmia. These studies suggest that CBD has a regulatory effect on heart rate, and it does not appear to raise heart rate

Reducing Inflammation

CBD is well-known for its potential to reduce harmful inflammation. The 2-AG endocannabinoid binds to the CB2 receptor, and this causes the immune system to send out less immune cells to attack. Also, CBD has proven to reduce the number of cells that die in the heart during inflammation. This helps your heart muscle hold onto its strength.

Lowering Blood Pressure

One of the main side effects associated with CBD is lowered blood pressure. In the case of heart disease, this is more of a treatment than a risk. CBD has been found to widen the blood vessels (allowing for more blood flow), and as a result, this reduces the damage that is done to arterial walls caused by high blood pressure. As part of the study, nine healthy males were given either CBD or placebo, and it was discovered that those who took the CBD experienced reduced stroke volume, reduced blood pressure after cold exposure, and reduced resting systolic pressure.

CBD to reduce plaque buildup in the arteries

The plaque buildup increases the patient’s health risks for a future stroke or heart attack.  Vaping CBD relaxes these arterial walls, reduces the related inflammation, and repairs the associated tissue damage.  Furthermore, according to research Cannabidiol attenuates OGD/R-induced damage by enhancing mitochondrial bioenergetics and modulating glucose metabolism via pentose-phosphate pathway in hippocampal neurons, vaping CBD helps modulate glucose levels and reduce oxidative stress on the heart. 

CBD can provide relief to consumers that are suffering from a variety of conditions that adversely affect their quality of life. In fact, CBD may extend the lives of those suffering from high blood pressure and other serious heart disease.

Reference:

Baldassarri S, Bertoni A, Bagarotti A, Sarasso C, Zanfa M, Catani MV, et al. The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol activates human platelets through non-CB1/CB2 receptors. J Thromb Haemost. 2008;6:1772–1779. [PubMed]

Barnes CS, Coker SJ. Failure of nitric oxide donors to alter arrhythmias induced by acute myocardial ischaemia or reperfusion in anaethetized rats. Br J Pharmacol. 1995;114:349–356. [PMC free article][PubMed]

Bisogno T, Hanus L, De Petrocellis L, Tchilibon S, Ponde DE, Brandi I, et al. Molecular targets for cannabidiol and its synthetic analogues: effect on vanilloid VR1 receptors and on the cellular uptake and enzymatic hydrolysis of anandamide. Br J Pharmacol. 2001;134:845–852. [PMC free article][PubMed]

Clark C, Foreman MI, Kane KA, McDonald FM, Parratt JR. Coronary artery ligation in anesthetized rats as a method for the production of experimental dysrrhythmias and for the determination of infarct size. J Pharmacol Methods. 1980;3:357–368. [PubMed]

Currie S, Rainbow RD, Ewart MA, Kitson S, Herradon-Pliego E, Kane KA, et al. IP3R-mediated Ca2+ release is modulated by anandamide in isolated cardiac nuclei. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2008;45:804–811.[PubMed]

Ryberg E, Larsson N, Sjögren S, Hjorth S, Hermansson NO, Leonova J, et al. The orphan receptor GPR55 is a novel cannabinoid receptor. Br J Pharmacol. 2007;152:1092–1101. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Tamargo J, Caballero R, Gomez R, Valenzuela C, Delpon E. Pharmacology of cardiac potassium channels. Cardiovasc Res. 2004;62:9–33. [PubMed]

Thomas A, Baillie GL, Phillips AM, Razdan RK, Ross RA, Pertwee RG. Cannabidiol displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in vitro. Br J Pharmacol. 2007;150:613–623. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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CBD edibles, drink’s, market and legalisation in 2019

CBD edibles, drink’s, market and legalization in 2019

CBD edibles, drink’s, market and legalisation in 2019

  • Cannabinoid be is a plant extract found in marijuana
  • It is used to make drinks and other foods in several cannabis legal states and countries.
  • In the state of California, the marijuana edibles market was worth over $180 million in 2018 alone.
  • It is approximated to grow to rival the beer making industry in 2019 in the states where it is legal.
  • Canada, the biggest marijuana market in the globe, is set for the legalisation of cannabis edibles in a move dubbed “the second wave of legalisation. “

The state of cannabis legalisation in the US

2018 saw more countries around the world accept the legal. In the US alone, by the end of 2018, 10 states had the recreational use of marijuana approved while 33 states legalised medical marijuana.

The debate is raging on into 2019 and in a more fiery way especially after the huge success in the cannabis legal states. For instance, Californians spent a mammoth
3 billion followed by Colorado and Arizona with each spending $1 billion and $465 million respectively.

This is according to a report by the Cannabis Benchmark Annual Review and Outlook firm.

All these figures show that legalising marijuana is proving to be a profitable venture.

CBD edibles, drink’s, market and legalization in 2019
picture credit: www.miaminewtimes.com

CBD edibles

CBD edible played a major role in the profits announced across the cannabis legal states in America. This is sparking levels of interest from major food manufacturers and distribution chains and even startups.

There is a 34% yearly growth in the number of new hemp food and beverage launches. This is backed up by a report by Innova Market Insights.

This is probably the biggest news for the cannabis and CBD world.

A report by the National Restaurant Association reveals that CBD infused drinks and foods is probably the next big thing in 2019 for cannabis users. 77% of those involved in the survey identified CBD edibles as the next culinary trend above zero waste trend.

Cannabis edible options that are set to be available in 2019

There already exist various types of CBD edibles in the market. These include cannabis baked foods, meat, protein, emulsions, purees, and drinks.

Here are the edible that are much vouched for to trend this year:

Medicinal mushrooms and herbs

These include the likes of Astragalus and Maca that are likely to make a comeback into the market. They are set to be used in bone broth, coffee, and even tea shops. The plants are helpful in lowering stress levels in the body and improving the body\s immunity.

Ketogenic snacks

Nothing intrigues Americans like kerogens. These complemented by CBD is certain to explode into the 2019 culinary trend. They will provide more energy for workouts and also improve body recovery processes.

Organic cocktails

It has been a long-standing debate about which is better between alcohol and recreational marijuana. This is set to come to an end in 2019 with breweries making organic cocktails that are laced with CBD and hemp.

The cannabis world is evolving. Only time will tell whether the anticipated continued explosion of CBD use will hold or drop.

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2018 Was The Year Of CBD, What will 2019 bring?

2018 was the year CBD was on everyone’s lips, thanks to plenty of media buzz and the suddenly-ubiquitous presence of an array of CBD-infused beverages, lotions and self-care products. It was also the year “CBD gummies” reached No. 3 on Google’s most popular search terms.

Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis, is being touted as a natural remedy for chronic pain, insomnia, depression and anxiety, among other conditions. The research to prove CBD’s medical outcomes is still largely forthcoming. But even without the science, it’s no wonder that adults over 50, who suffer most from these conditions, are behind one of the fastest growing market segments for CBD products.

Two landmark developments from this past year will make it a lot easier for older adults to satisfy their appetite for CBD in the year to come

In a historic reconsideration of cannabis’ Schedule 1 classification, the FDA proved willing to acknowledge that a component of cannabis actually does have therapeutic value. Riding the coattails of GW Pharmaceuticals’ Epidiolex, the first cannabis-based drug to receive FDA approval, CBD was rescued from Schedule 1 exile, joining cough syrup and anti-diarrhea remedies in the comfortable Schedule 5 mainstream.

Late 2018 also saw passage of the Farm Bill, which could ultimately guarantee a steady, domestic supply of CBD sourced from hemp. Like the FDA, Congress acknowledged that not all cannabis compounds are equal, and removed hemp (cannabis sativa with THC levels under 0.3%) from the restrictions of the Controlled Substance Act.

With the availability of new hemp strains specially bred for high CBD content, American farmers, processors and many others along the revenue stream are eager to produce and distribute as much of this lucrative substance as the fast-growing market can accommodate. And with CBD sales in the US expected to reach $22 billion by 2022, as projected by the cannabis market research company, the Brightfield Group, Congress’ re-regulation of hemp has presented a good reason for many to celebrate.

The FDA, however, was quick to rein in the anticipated hemp-fest. FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb issued a statement [1] just before Christmas declaring that, despite the new classification for hemp, any product containing cannabis or CBD is still subject to FDA regulation and prohibited for interstate commerce.

Still, a visit to any health food store or online search will show that the FDA’s warnings have been largely ineffectual in stanching the flow of CBD products. To stay on the safe side, manufacturers simply avoid making any explicit claims of therapeutic benefit on their product labels. This can leave older consumers dependent on the internet and social media for guidance on how, or at what dosage, a product can potentially benefit them. And because CBD products tend to be pricey, this becomes an expensive proposition with unclear outcomes, particularly for those older adults who may least be able to afford them.

With CBD products currently residing in the regulatory gray area between dietary supplements and medicine, there is good reason for older consumers to be cautious. A recent study [2] evaluating the accuracy of labelling information on CBD products purchased online, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that only about 30% of products sampled were accurately labelled regarding the levels of CBD and THC they contained. Some were found to have CBD levels so low that any potential clinical value was negated. Others had THC levels high enough to give the unsuspecting consumer a slight buzz. And for the many older adults who are strongly averse to experiencing any psychoactivity from a cannabis-sourced medication, a CBD product might deliver more than what they bargained for.

Recognizing the urgency of this challenge, FDA Commissioner Gottlieb will soon be convening a public meeting to discuss CBD with interested stakeholders. What is certain is that, until the authorities can figure out how to respond to the groundswell of demand for CBD products, consumers will need to find out on their own how to evaluate and best administer the products they encounter. For older adults, this can be an extremely daunting task. In the meantime, it’s clear that, at the start of 2019, the need for uniform standards for manufacturing, testing, labelling and dosing of CBD products is already a pressing public health concern.

Keywords: CBD, Recent, FDA

References:

[1] https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm628988.htm

[2]

Labeling Accuracy of Cannabidiol Extracts Sold Online

Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, PhD; Mallory J. E. Loflin, PhD; Brian F. Thomas, PhD; et al JAMA. 2017;318(17):1708-1709. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11909